The ESUT Journal of Social Sciences (EJSS) is open to publication of high quality research on all topics within the social science field, namely economics, geography, political science, government and public administration, international relations, psychology, sociology, and social work,. EJSS is an international outlet for original empirical papers in all areas of social sciences within the Faculty of Social Sciences, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT) Enugu. Occasionally, EJSS will publish other pieces of particular interest to members of the Faculty, such as special topical issues, selected symposia, and invited addresses. All papers are reviewed (double blind) with respect to their scholarly merit.