ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2023-01-13T13:54:10+00:00 BARNABAS NWANKWO Open Journal Systems Journal of Social Sciences Roles of Small and Medium Enterprises in Capacity Building in Enugu State 2022-11-20T18:28:19+00:00 Angela Ugo Iloh Chibuzo Inmpey Joseph <p>The study examined the roles of&nbsp; Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)&nbsp; in Capacity building in Enugu State, with a focus on the mandates of ministries and agencies in charge of facilitating entreprenurial development on behalf of Enugu State government. A review of other scholars work was carried out. SMEs was defined as an economy driven agent that plays a major role towards capacity building.&nbsp; A theoretical framework on&nbsp; the concept of&nbsp; Community Capacity Building and Joseph Schumpeters view on development was adopted for the study.&nbsp; A survey design research approach was adopted.The population of the study area was a&nbsp; total of 1045 and a sample size of 310 derived through Taro Yammani formular. Simple random sampling method was used to select the respondents. Frequency percentage tables and chi-square statistical method was adopted to analyze the samples collected using likert scaling method. The hypothesis of the research was tested at 0.05 level of significance to find out if, SMEs play significant roles in capacity building within Enugu State and its environment. It was revealed that, SMEs have created employment but not with significant effect, and had little&nbsp; effect on the individauls standard of living with chi-square result of 0.00 P value rejecting the null hypotheses. It had built individual skills and technical knowledge for entrepreneurs to facilitate capacity building within the environment of Enugu state but of little effect with P-value = 0.00 rejecting the null hypotheses and accepting the alternate hypotheses&nbsp; have SMEs had improved on innoviations on the environments of the state with chi-square value P =0.00. However, the descriptive statistics revealed that, the competitive nature of the economy and rate of graduate turnover from tertiary institutions trils down SMEs impact on employment creation. In view of these findings, this study recommended:&nbsp; improved fundings of Start-up loans for young entrepreneurs in order to meet up graduate turnover from universities and colleges and to put in place protective policies for young industires. More regular training and incentives programmes, consultations, supervision and counseling of both existing and aspiring entrepreneurs to improve individual skills, technical knowledge of entrepreneurs. Also proper monitoring and evaluation&nbsp; techniques should be adopted&nbsp; by funding institutions and MDAs to ensure proper utilization of funds</p> 2022-11-20T18:28:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Perceived Factors Influencing Emotional Intelligence among Adolescents 2022-11-27T20:24:40+00:00 Irene A. Ofili <p>The study investigated perceived factors influencing emotional intelligence among adolescents. A total of 128 participants comprising 57 males and 71 females were selected from students’ population of Ozalla High School Ozalla in Nkanu West Local Government Area of Enugu State. The participants were selected from senior secondary school students in class two (SS 2) making use of available sampling technique. They are within the ages of 15 – 22 years, with a mean age of 18.1 and a standard deviation of 1.7. A 33 – item of self-referencing statements developed by Schutte et al. (1998) was used to measure Emotional Intelligence. A cross sectional design was adopted while Chi square as a statistic was applied to analyze the data. Results showed that a significant influence of recognition of emotions as a perceived factor influencing emotional intelligence among adolescents was observed, X2 (df,1) = 48 at p&lt;.001; also a significant influence of facial expression as a perceived factor influencing emotional intelligence among adolescents was observed X2 (df,1) = 7.26 at p&lt;.01; and a significant influence of positive mood as a perceived factor influencing emotional intelligence among adolescents was observed, X2 (df,1) = 48 at p&lt;.001. The findings were discussed in relation to literatures reviewed and suggestions made.</p> 2022-11-27T20:24:40+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Effect of Mental Health Programmes on the Attitudes and Awareness of Mental Illness among Students and Teachers of Secondary Schools in Benue State 2022-12-17T21:43:41+00:00 Simon Terver Chieshe Abraham Tersugh Kwaghgbah <p>This study investigated the effect of mental health programme on attitude and awareness of mental illness among students and teachers of secondary schools in Benue State. The study employed Between Subject Factorial design using 180 participants comprising of 60 teachers and 120 students. The study employed the use of stratified random sampling to draw the participants for the study. The instruments used for the intervention in this study were the Attitude towards Mental Illness Scale and the Mental Health Knowledge Schedule. Independent measures One-Way ANOVA was used to test the four hypotheses raised in the study. First, the result shows that there was a significant effect of mental health programme on the attitudes of teachers towards mental illness. Secondly, the result shows that there was a significant effect of mental health programme on the attitudes of students towards mental illness. Thirdly, the result shows that there was a significant effect of mental health programme on the knowledge of teachers concerning mental illness. Fourthly, the result also shows that there was a significant effect of mental health programme on the knowledge of students concerning mental illness. The study thus recommended that, there is urgent need to minimize the level of stigma and discrimination against people with mental illness.</p> 2022-12-17T21:39:07+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Assessing the Role of Female Health for Sustainable Development in Nigeria 2022-12-17T21:46:01+00:00 Marius Ikpe Richard O. Ojike Sunday A. Okwor Sunday V. Agu Joseph C. Odionye <p>Human capital is key to achieving growth and sustainable development. Therefore, economies that wish to develop invest massively on improving the quality and quantity of its stock of human capital. As aspects of human capital, health alongside education is given priority in the development agenda; this is however not the case in Nigeria. The economy’s dismal performances in all indices of development (growth, employment, inequality and poverty levels) may find explanation on poor indices of health as an aspect of human capital – particularly female health. Against this backdrop, this study assesses the role of female health on sustainable development in Nigeria using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) analytical approach. Data on Sustainable Society Index (SSI) was utilized as a measure of sustainable development. Findings provided evidence of importance of female health to sustainable development in Nigeria. Lessons for development policy were also discussed.</p> 2022-12-17T21:40:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Improving Agriculture for Nigerian Economic Development at Post COVID-19 Pandemic Era 2022-12-17T21:42:23+00:00 Onuigbo Fidelia Nebechi Chimaobi V. Okolo Ebere. U Okolo <p>Considering the importance of agriculture in providing food, fabrics, Cotton wool, leather, wood for construction and paper products- are all agricultural products to mention a few. This study is set to investigate ways of improving agriculture for Nigerian economic development at Post Covid-19 Pandemic Era. In recent past, Nigeria has been good at promoting agriculture for better economy until the covid-19 pandemic era. Covid-19 is a dangerous, very deadly disease that emanated from china and spread to all other parts of the world including Nigeria. During the period and in the attempt to curtail the spread of this disease, various governments across the globe including Nigeria placed eight months lock-down on all the nations’ activities including agriculture. However, during the period, agriculture was grossly neglected. People were not able to neither do robust farming nor harvest their crops let alone commercial marketing for survival due to so many restrictions. Farmers were terribly affected especially small scale farmers who had to eat up their seed crops, consumed their mega capital and were left with nothing to continue their agricultural occupation. This led to little or no investment going on in the country; our youths were supposedly jobless leading to hyperinflation and depletion of our exchange rate. Call to mind that agriculture offers about 86% of workforce in Nigeria, it then means that covid-19 impacted more job losses in Nigeria with its attendant worries like high crime rate of all sort. The authors examine the context, with a view to preferring ways of improving agriculture at post covid-19 pandemic era and relative to Economic development in Nigeria. This study concludes that since the main sustenance of the nation is agriculture, effort should be seriously geared towards improving agriculture through youth involvement in agricultural process among others. The implication of the study is that the federal government should revise its 1956 resolution which shifts attention to oil, by making a U turn shifting its attention and support to agriculture otherwise, sooner or later there will not be a country called Nigeria. Secondly, Government should invest in data systems at the local, state, national and global levels so that real time information can be made available for decision makers to help increase confidence in supply during crises; and finally, educational attainment of youth’s in agriculture should be increase as one of the means to improve the economy of Nigeria at post covid-19 pandemic era.</p> 2022-12-17T21:42:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Third Wave of Globalization and Post-colonial African Economy 2022-12-17T21:49:02+00:00 Paul Azemata Amune <p>In today's contemporary world, there have been a lot of changes and shifts in thoughts, ideologies, and views. Nothing seems to remain constant forever. While globalization is not new, it has come across different changes and shifts even in modern times. This work explains the three waves of globalization, in brief, looks at the historical past of colonial impact on Africa. Then, moves on highlight how the African economy could learn from some peculiar cases of emerging countries with some shared similarities such as China, India, and Brazil. Furthermore, this work demonstrates that the African economy can take good advantage of the global market competition in advancing the continent forward from where it is today to provide a better experience for the African people. Applied is the Comparative Cost Advantage theory for a better understanding of how Africa can increase its integration to benefit more from the global market competition. Hopefully, Africa can take advantage of this third wave of globalisation, which seems very promising.</p> 2022-12-17T21:49:02+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Democracy and the Provision of Human Rights in Nigeria 2022-12-17T21:50:36+00:00 Elias Ifeanyi E. Uzoigwe <p>Democracy has been identified as government of the people by people and for the people. This implies that democracy is people oriented system of government. However, the practice of democracy in Nigeria has been characterized by a lot of challenges, especially human rights abuse. The essence of provision of human rights in a democratic system of government is to ensure that the principle of separation of powers, rule of law and people’s inalienable rights are respected. Experience has shown that such is not the case in the Nigerian context of democracy. Presently, the political situation and unrest in the country that is marked by high level of insurgency, terrorism, banditry and all forms of criminality clearly show that human rights abuse is prevalent in Nigeria. These challenges are as a result of bad governance. To change the narrative, the study, which employs the method of critical analysis construes that Nigeria needs her own philosophy in order to ensure good governance, which will bring about respect for human rights; and that philosophy is epistemethics.</p> 2022-12-17T21:50:36+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Livelihood Activities and Food Security Status of Households in Oyo Town, Oyo State 2023-01-13T13:54:10+00:00 Oke Margaret Adebimpe Ogundokun Esther Oyebola Odozie John <p>Previous studies in Nigeria focused on food security and livelihood activities of households using uni-dimensional measures. This paper considered Dietary Diversity Score, Food Consumption Score and food Insecurity Access Scale as measures of the food security status of households. This study aimed at ascertaining the effect of livelihood activities on food security of household's in Atiba Local Government Area. The study used purposive sampling technique to select 6 wards making up Oyo town upon which in the second stage a random sampling of 114 households were selected. Questionnaires were used to source information on food item consumed, livelihood activities and livelihood assessment. Data were analyzed using the descriptive statistics and logit regression. The result showed that 62% of the respondents were male and 38% were female. 80% fall between the age range of 31-64 years, 60% were married and 61% have a household size ranging between 5 and 8 members. The findings also showed that 58.41% are food secure using Household Dietary Diversity Score, 46.90% using Food Consumption Score, while 55.75 are less food secure using Household Dietary Diversity Score and Sustainable Livelihood Framework Condition respectively. Respondents from Ajayi Crowther University Community, Atiba, Oriawo and Tokun Village are food secure using two measures. The logit regression result confirms that food security increases as trading, private paid job, civil service, and casual job as a means of livelihood were significant while food security decreases with increase in household size at five percent for Household Dietary Diversity Score and Food Consumption Score. The logit value (72.74) indicated relationship between the combined effect of livelihood activities and food security. Food security in Atiba Local Government was low, the respondents’ livelihood activities should be diversified to be more food secured.</p> 2022-12-17T21:53:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES Corruption and bribery in Nigeria 2023-01-02T10:04:56+00:00 Gordon Joseph Onogwu Mirian Wilfred Great Leonard U. Ngwu <p>Corruption and bribery in Nigeria is a major problem and the purpose of these study is to unravel the circumstances that leads to that. In this study statistical method is used to describe bribery and corruption in Nigeria. Finding reveals that corruption and bribery leads to political instability and the recommendation is that citizens must be accurately informed of the negative repercussion through mass enlightenment campaign. Bribery and corruption impedes economic growth, weakens the rule of law and undermines the legitimacy of institutions. Bribery and Corruption are negations of the true principles of public life. It is a conscious inducement for an after favor, and thus, violates the principles of public life. The consequences of unethical practices and corruption on any nation building do not only destroy personal virtue and social values, but as well retard development, weaken social institutions, pervert justices, and thus responsible for economic recession and un-purposeful leader as the nation continue to journey without will. Lawyers have not overlooked the social dangers caused by corruption and bribery. On the contrary, they may have been impressed with extra-legal viewpoints to the detriment of clear legal thought. Lawyers often assume that in the extra-legal fields more progress as to guiding ideas and systematization has already been achieved, than in their own field. In fact, much of our extra-legal knowledge of the ethics, etc. of bribery is still in the state of common sense-philosophy, which is a hybrid neither common sense nor philosophy, and which compares neither with the direct life-experience of the plain man nor the systematic thought of the true patriot.</p> 2023-01-02T10:04:56+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 ESUT JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES